Monkeypox: profile of those infected and why there are so many cases in Spain

Monkeypox: profile of those infected and why there are so many cases in Spain

As health authorities continue to step up amid predictions that infections will continue to explode, monkeypox, which the World Health Organization (WHO) has already declared a public health emergency internationally, poses a threat more concern among citizens.

A disease that, according to a study conducted by researchers at Queen Mary University of London, which evaluated 528 cases of those infected between April and June in 16 different countries, It has a certain profile, although, as the experts point out, “everything can change”..

“One cannot predict what will happen in the near future. We’re talking about a mild illnessbut if the appropriate measures are not taken, the contacts of the infected will be reported and preventive placement will be carried out, the situation will not be favorable“, explains Juan José Badiola, Director of the Center for Encephalopathies and Emerging Communicable Diseases at the University of Zaragoza.

This is shown by the data of the study published in “The New England Journal of Medicine” – one of the most recent and up-to-date on this topic 98% of the patients declared themselves homosexual, bisexual, or men who have had sex with other men. Nevertheless, the General Nursing Council reminds that “the disease can be transmitted from person to person“. “It’s something we can’t stop repeating. Our role as nurses is to educate and educate the population so they know this available information about the transmission routes and how this disease can be detected early”.

This is a “fundamental” question for Juan José Badiola, who believes that “maybe The disease was not taken as seriously as it should have been“. “We’re talking about mild symptoms, that should be clear. However, this does not mean that we have to stop complying with hygiene measures. The possibility of keeping those infected in forced isolation could have been considered until the disease has subsided or the characteristic pustules have dried up,” emphasizes the expert.

For Juan José Badiola, one of the reasons why Spain is the second country with the most infections is that, after the known cases in the United Kingdom, “they became known here when elsewhere the development of the disease was getting worse and had not started”. Remember that too there were situations conducive to contracting an unknown diseasein addition to the complicated identification of contacts, since there are those who, due to the characteristics of the disease, prefer not to do it, something totally inadvisable if you want to end the transmission,” says Juan José Badiola.

Who can be vaccinated against monkeypox and when?

In principle, the vaccinations were only indicated in the case of direct contact with the infected. Later also for all people with risk practices: men who had several male sexual partners. 5,300 arrived in Spain -Aragón has 52 doses that have not yet started to be administered- which would not be enough even for direct contacts of infected people.

“For the number of infections in our country and for their contacts, the number of vaccines we currently have is insufficient“, stresses the director of the Center for Encephalopathies and Emerging Communicable Diseases of the University of Zaragoza.

Recommended doses for infected “if the disease is recent, for contacts and for vulnerable people‘” confirms Badiola. So far, the latest generation of the Bavarian-Nordic pharmaceutical company has been vaccinated in Spain, that’s what it takes two doses and full effect two weeks after the second injection.


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